Abraham Lincoln fue una de las figuras más importantes en la historia de los Estados Unidos. Nacido el 12 de febrero de 1809 en el Condado de Hardin, Kentucky, que ahora pertenece al Condado de LaRue, él era el hijo mayor de Thomas Lincoln y Nancy Lincoln.


En el año 1816 su familia se mudó para el estado de Indiana, donde Lincoln vivió hasta sus 21 años. Había perdido todas las propiedades y un nuevo comienzo era necesario. Cuando yo fui 9 años tuvo que lidiar con la pérdida de la madre, que era todavía joven, estaba sólo 34 años de edad. También perdió a su hermana mayor, Sarah, que murió en el parto.

Abraham Lincoln

uno de los presidentes más importantes en la historia de los Estados Unidos, Abraham Lincoln. | Foto: reproducción


Cuando joven era considerado por su familia y vecinos como una la-z-boy. No le gustaba cazar o pescar, no sentirse bien en matar animales, incluso para su sustento. Trató de ir a trabajar en Nueva Orleans, cuando ante la esclavitud y decidió regresar a Illinois, donde residía desde 1831. Su padre había casado con Sarah Bush Johnston después de la muerte de su madre, y bajó con ella para cuidar de su estado de cuenta.


Principio de la carrera política


Como viví en un lugar donde había casi no hay libros y papel, lo único que podría utilizar para estudiar era la Biblia, probablemente el único libro estaba en su casa. Teniendo en cuenta que el uso constante de citas bíblicas en sus discursos, porque Lincoln estudió la parte inferior de cada página del libro.


Trabajó como vendedor en una tienda, en el estado de Illinois, y luego se convirtió en jefe de correos en New Salem, donde él vivió por casi seis años, y poco después se embarcó en la vida política, sin siquiera imaginar que sería una de las figuras más importantes del país.


Se convirtió en miembro de Illinois en el año 1834 y aprovechando la oportunidad se licenció en derecho en el año 1837. Su trabajo siempre fue conectado a los pobres y humildes, como miembro y como abogado.


Se casó con Mary Todd en 1842, y en 1846 fue elegido a diputado Federal. En el Congreso propuso la emancipación gradual de esclavos, que descontentó a ambos defensores de la esclavitud como abolicionistas. Lincoln no sabía todavía es que la abolición que pasaría en realidad años más tarde, cuando se convertiría en Presidente de los Estados Unidos.


En 1858 él jugó una apertura al Senado Stephen c. Douglas. Lincoln perdió la elección, pero el debate ha ganado una reputación que produciría una nominación para la Presidencia en el año 1860. Ha sido llamada la Fundación del partido republicano de los Estados Unidos en 1854 y este fue el partido que lo presentó como candidato presidencial.


Presidencia y muerte


Ganar las elecciones, Abraham Lincoln asumió el cargo en medio de un gran conflicto interno que sucedió en los Estados Unidos, el país fue dividido entre los Estados del norte y el sur de los Estados, que no estuvo de acuerdo en muchos factores, entre ellos, sobre la liberación de los esclavos. Él considera que la secesión ilegal, y cuando militares del sur en el verano Fort, Lincoln instó a los Estados que proporciona a 75000 voluntarios. Comenzó la guerra civil.


01 de enero de 1863 Lincoln llevó a una de las actitudes más importantes de su gobierno, difundir la Proclamación de la emancipación que la liberación de los esclavos. Sus actitudes han transformado el partido republicano en una de las organizaciones nacionales más fuertes, que logró atraer a muchos demócratas del norte a su causa.


En el año 1864 ganó la reelección, cuando los Estados del norte anunció que había ganado la guerra civil. Flexible y generoso, él animó a los sureños, vuelva la Unión, bajar sus armas y volver a la forma en que estaban antes, de un pueblo.


El día 14 de abril de 1865, el entonces Presidente de los Estados Unidos, Abraham Lincoln fue asesinado en el teatro Ford en Washington con un disparo a quemarropa en la cabeza de disparo por John Wilkes Booth, actor y espía sur, que se rebelaron al escuchar un discurso del Presidente que dijo le daría derecho al voto a los negros.


Una persecución de doce días, de la policía federal, ha buscado Booth, quien fue acorralado y baleado en un callejón de Virginia, muriendo como consecuencia de sus heridas.


Abraham Lincoln está enterrado en el cementerio de Oak Ridge, Springfield, Illinois.


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