Diógenes (413-323 A.C.) nació en Sinope, ciudad costera en la región de Turquía y fue el símbolo de la escuela cínica, porque hizo de su filosofía una forma de vida, bastante radical para cualquier momento en la historia. Diógenes despreciaban las convenciones sociales, esto es el comportamiento que la sociedad era en aquel momento, el lujo, riqueza y comodidad que necesitaba para vivir. Despreciaba las cosas tales y afirmó que el hombre necesitaba sólo lo básico para sobrevivir y ser feliz.


Apoyo a esta corriente de pensamiento Diogenes vivían como mendigos, alimentándose de las sobras que podrían cobrar alrededor de la ciudad con sólo una túnica vieja y haciendo un barril a su dirección. Lo conocían para vagar por las calles llevando con él un tipo de lámpara encendido, incluso durante el día, y responder a todos los que le preguntó sobre el propósito de tu vida con la frase “Estoy buscando un hombre”. Y este hombre que estaba buscando era viviendo de acuerdo a su propia naturaleza, suministrando sólo sus necesidades básicas para vivir y no vivir hasta los conceptos de sociedad superficial.


La trayectoria de


En una ocasión en la que su padre habría alterado una moneda estado Diogenes fue exiliado de su ciudad natal a Atenas, donde comenzó a practicar sus pensamientos con el estilo de vida simple y casi no hay posesiones. Sin embargo, algunos eruditos afirman que el exilio era Diógenes, porque su padre le había confiado la acuñación de estas monedas.


En Atenas, viviendo como un hombre sin hogar, Diógenes quiso ser discípulo de Antístenes, fundador de la escuela cínica, pero rechazaron a sí mismo y sólo después de mucha insistencia le otorgó el aval del discípulo. Se puede destacar un episodio en el que levanta un palo con la intención de golpear a Diógenes en la cabeza y responde con la siguiente frase: huelga, pero usted no encontrará un bastón lo bastante difícil como para hacerme renunciar a querer decirme algo , Creo que usted debe.


Convertirse en un símbolo de Cynical, escuela de Diógenes continuada viviendo por sus ideales y para él este radical estilo de vida le permitió ser él mismo sin estar atado a las convenciones sociales, le permitió ser libre. Para él esta libertad fue alcanzada como cansado el cuerpo por lo que si se utiliza para dominar sus placeres hasta fueron ignoradas en conjunto, porque los seguidores del cinismo los placeres debilitan el alma del hombre, como esto se convierte en su esclavo.


Un episodio histórico en la vida de Diógenes fue cuando el entonces emperador y hombre más poderoso en el momento, Alexander de Macedon, han encontrado le toma un baño del sol y “preguntar nada”, dijo. Sin embargo, en el tiempo que habló con Diogenes, Alexander era el mismo tono, tono frente al sol y Diógenes respondieron con la siguiente frase “Devuélveme mi sol.”. Demostrando lo poco que necesitaba para conformarse con eso.


Diogenes y Alejandro de Macedonia

Diogenes y Alejandro de Macedonia

Imagen: reproducción


Diógenes se convirtió en el símbolo de la simplicidad y su historia hasta el día de hoy enseña que los hombres necesitan menos de lo que piensa sobrevivir y ser feliz. Cuando murió la siguiente frase fue escrita en su lápida “bronce se envejece con el tiempo, pero su gloria, Diógenes, ni eternidad destruirá; porque sólo enseñó a los mortales la lección de la autosuficiencia en la vida y de manera más fácil para vivir “. Se ha hecho en su honor una columna con un perro en la parte superior, que simboliza su apodo “Diógenes el perro y también su forma de vida, simple como perros, alimentándose de los restos, beber agua de charcos que fue y vagando las calles de Atenas.


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