Luís Vaz de Camões fue un gran poeta portugués. Nadie sabe a ciencia cierta el lugar o el año en que nació, pero se estipula que fue más o menos en 1525, junto a Lisboa o Coimbra. Sus padres que se llama Simão Vaz de Camões y Ana de Sá e M. Poco se sabe sobre su infancia. En el año 1547, con 22 años de edad, Calhoun unió al ejército de la corona portuguesa y probablemente aterrizó en África como un soldado. Acabó perdiendo un ojo en Marruecos en la lucha contra el Ceuta.

En 1552 él volvió a Portugal y pasó a tener una vida de fiestas, tanto los más populares, como los de la nobleza. En una de esas ocasiones, él escogió una pelea con un empleado de la real y terminó perjudicando a él, lo que llevó a Luis a la cárcel. Al año siguiente, fue enviado a la India, donde participó en varias expediciones militares. En 1556, sus expediciones llegaron a China, y en 1570 regresó a Lisboa, llevando en la mano el manuscrito de su poema Os Lusiadas, que fue publicado solamente en el año 1572 con la ayuda del rey d. Sebastião. Se convirtió en uno de los poemas más importantes del país.

Luís de Camões

Luís de Camões, uno de los más grandes poetas del renacimiento portugués y clasicismo. | Imagen: reproducción

En China, Camões conoció a una hermosa joven llamada Dinamene y dio su corazón a ella. Vivió días de extrema pasión, hasta que una tragedia separó. Era un náufrago, y Dinamene murió ahogado. En este mismo episodio, cuenta la leyenda Luis, como se ha podido salvar a su amada, luchó para salvar lo único que le quedaba. Con una mano que sostenía alta nadó el manuscrito de los Lusíadas, mientras con la otra.

Vaz de Camões llegó a publicar varios otros poesía después de esto, y varios de ellos estaban lamentando la muerte de su amada. El más famoso se llama “el deseo de ser amado” publicado después de numerosos sonetos, rimas y redondilhas, además de otras importantes obras que llegó a ser conocido en todo el mundo, entre ellos es rey Seleucus. Se convirtió en el más grande poeta del clasicismo de portugués y también se considera como el poeta erudito del renacimiento.

Pero Luis no sabía cómo manejar las ganancias de sus trabajos publicados, y así murió en Lisboa el 10 de junio de 1580 día, en un estado de pobreza absoluta, dejando sólo sus textos como una marca que era inútil para el mundo.

Resumen de obras de Camões

  • OS Lusiadas

  • Rey Seleuco

  • Filodemo

  • Hosts

  • sonetos de 211

  • 142 redondilhas

  • 15 canciones

  • 13 odas

  • 9 bucólicas

  • 5 octavas

  • 4 Letras

  • 3 autos

Extracto de “Os Lusiadas”

Las armas y los barones marcados
La playa Lusitana, oeste
Por mares nunca antes navegado
Ha sido incluso más allá de la de
En peligro y de guerra
Prometió más de fuerza humana,
Y entre personas alejadas
Nuevo reino, que tanto subliman.

Canto se extenderá por todas partes,
Si es así ayúdame la habilidad y el arte: Os Lusiadas, Canto I

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