Sabe usted ¿quién fue Malcolm X? Seguramente has oído hablar de él o seguido su trayectoria de alguna manera, ya sea en libros, cine, biografía, frases o incluso lo que dio su muerte.


Malcolm X fue un famoso líder negro estadounidense que participó activamente en la lucha contra la segregación racial en los Estados Unidos. Este artículo traerá toda la información sobre Malcolm X, él estaba parado para e incluso la polémica relación con otro líder americano como Martin Luther King. Check-out.


Malcolm X: biografía


Malcolm X nació en 1925 en Omaha del norte, Nebraska, en Estados Unidos. Su padre fue asesinado cuando Malcolm X fue sólo 6 años de edad. La motivación del crimen probablemente tiene que ver con su actuación, que era un pastor en la mejora del Negro Universal asociación.


De allí la familia de Malcolm X pasó luchando por mantener. Su madre tomó la carga entera de la casa para apoyar a los 7 niños. Sin embargo, la situación precaria que vivía la familia condujo el gobierno estadounidense para exigir que sus hijos tomarán para fomentar casas.

La Malcolm X está envuelta la polémica

Malcolm X luchó contra la segregación racial en los Estados Unidos: reproducción de foto | Wikimedia Commons)


La presión fue tal que la madre de Malcolm X fue eventualmente comprometida a un hospital mental. De esta manera, se adoptó también Malcolm little.


Sin embargo, al final de los estudios primarios, se fue a vivir con su hermana mayor en Boston. Era allí que él dio sus primeros pasos profesionales, como lubricante y funcionamiento de la red ferroviaria.


Con el tiempo, Malcolm X estaba viviendo en Nueva York y llegó a estar implicado con el mundo del crimen. Ser acusado de tráfico de drogas y asalto. Tanto es así que en los mediados de-años 40, con solamente 20 años de edad, fue condenado a 11 años de prisión.


Esta vez, trabajó 6 años, parte de ellos en Norfolk. Esta fase es muy importante en la Malcolm X, porque era el comienzo de una transformación interna. Sí, fue en la cárcel que conoció el Islam, cuál sería tu religión.


Tan pronto como fui liberado, Malcolm pasó a dirigir uno de los templos de la nación del movimiento de Islam. Su acto sólo cautivar a muchos fieles y atraer a otros. Incluido es en este tiempo que él adoptó el nombre de Malcolm X que es su religión, como esta carta fue una revelación que Dios haría en su vida.


Menos de 2 años más tarde, Malcolm X ha llevado ya otra vez en Nueva York. En 6, pude caminar ya para mover por los Estados Unidos para propagar los ideales de la nación del Islam, vivo por la televisión, en periódicos, revistas y otros medios que abrieron puertas.


El abogado de Malcolm X


Malcolm X fue un polémico líder. Además de todo su pasado envuelto en crímenes, el dirigente defendió ideas de la nación Islam. Entre las más polémicas fue la creación de un estado para los negros solamente, a saber, la intensificación de la separación racial.


Ella recorrió gran parte de los Estados Unidos para defender estas ideas. Sin embargo, no todo salió como esperaba. Como el líder de la nación del Islam, llamado Elías, planeado en secreto expulsión de Malcolm.


Algunos dicen que todo esto era parte de un plan maestro para desterrar a Malcolm de la nación del Islam motivado por los celos de los otros miembros de la organización.


Y lo peor: Malcolm sabía de todo esto por la prensa y estaba enojado. Esto fue el colmo para él abandonar la nación del Islam y buscar refugio en la Meca, la tierra sagrada para el Islam. Este viaje cambió su concepción acerca de la religión.


Véase también: Fin del apartheid y el comienzo de una nueva Sudáfrica


A su regreso a los Estados Unidos, en 1964, fundado la unidad afro-americana. La propuesta de esta asociación era totalmente diversa nación del Islam.Ella predicó precisamente la Unión de todos los negros, sino reconciliación con los blancos. Esto enfureció más a los diputados de la nación del Islam, que anhelaba una sociedad totalmente desatendida para personas de ascendencia africana.


Muerte de Malcolm x:


Malcolm X murió el 21 de febrero de 1965 en Nueva York. Fue asesinado con 13 disparos de tres hombres. El crimen ocurrió cuando se encontraba en un evento de la Asociación de la unidad afroamericana.

Malcolm X fue asesinado debido a sus convicciones

Malcolm X fue asesinado en el año 1965 Foto: reproducción | Wikimedia Commons)


Los asesinos tomaron las vidas del líder frente a su esposa embarazada, Betty Sanders y sus otros 5 hijos. El crimen conmocionó a la población que era considerada muy popular.


Los autores no han sido identificados, así como la motivación del crimen, sin embargo, se acredita con la nación del Islam el hecho.


Puesto que eran muy decepcionados con el cambio de postura de Malcolm X, que abogaba por la separación de negros y blancos y ahora pasado luchando por la convivencia entre las razas nos suelo.


Malcolm X y Martin Luther King


Malcolm X y Martin Luther King fueron dos líderes estadounidenses famosos por la lucha de los derechos civiles Negro mal contra la segregación racial en los Estados Unidos. Otra coincidencia que los une es cómo murieron: eran ambos asesinatos a causa de sus convicciones.


Véase también: Ku Klux Klan-histórico Resumen de esta secta


Sin embargo, las similitudes terminan allí. Mientras que Martin Luther King fue un ministro Bautista, activista, doctor en filosofía y obtuvo el Premio Nobel de la paz, Malcolm X era musulmán, tuvo un discurso más radical, incluso con el uso de la violencia si es necesario.


Además, al principio de su carrera, Malcolm X no quería la convivencia entre blancos y negros, pero la separación entre ellos, con la creación de un estado compuesto únicamente de ascendencia africana.


Frases de Malcolm X:


“Se puede separar paz de libertad porque nadie puede estar en paz a menos que tenga su libertad.”


“Si usted no toma cuidado, los periódicos te hará odiar a personas que se oprimidase a amar a las personas que son abrumadoras.”


“No veo ningún sueño americano, veo una pesadilla americana”.


“Si no estás dispuesto a morir para él, poner la palabra” libertad “de tu vocabulario.


“Yo no la llamo violencia en autodefensa, lo llamo inteligencia”.


“Históricamente, los blancos siempre han sido así en lo referente a negro, podemos estar con ellos, pero nunca nos consideramos iguales a ellos”.


“Ser Pacífico, sea Cortés, obedecer la ley, respeto a todos; Pero si alguien pone una mano sobre ti, enviarlo al cementerio.”


“Generalmente cuando las personas están tristes, no hacen nada. A llorar sobre su condición. Pero cuando enoja, que provocan cambios “.


Véase también: Nelson Mandela


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