Nacido el 02 de marzo de 1931, Mikhail Gorbachev Sergéevich nació en Stavropol, en la URSS y fue un estadista soviético que terminó el poder del partido comunista en el país y la disolución de la URSS.


En el año 1952, con sus 21 años, ingresó en el Partido comunista, donde se convertiría en una de las figuras más importantes en la historia del partido. Estudiante de derecho, conoció a su esposa Raisa en Facultad de Moscú, donde viera se volvió a casar en septiembre de 1953, dos años de su graduación. En 1966 concluyó otra graduación, este hecho como Ingeniero Agrónomo.

Mikhail Gorbachev

Foto: reproducción


Carrera política


Su carrera política comenzó un año después de su formación, en 1970, cuando fue nombrado Secretario de agricultura de la primera y al año siguiente, miembro del Comité Central. En 1974 se convirtió en delegado del Soviet Supremo y en 1978 fue elegido uno de los secretarios del Comité central, y en el futuro, más precisamente en 1979, ingresó en el órgano ejecutivo del Politburo de partido comunista.


Para han viajado por muchas partes del mundo, conoció a muchas culturas y formas de gobierno que podrían influir en su política y social punto de vista, que contribuyan a su forma de trabajar en su país. Entre estos viajes es una delegación en la que se dirigió a la República Federal de Alemania en 1975 y otra en 1983 para Canadá, donde se reunió allí con el primer ministro Pierre Trudeau. En 1985, en un viaje al Reino Unido tuvo una reunión con Margaret Thatcher.


Cuando el Secretario General del partido comunista, Konstantin Chernenko murió, Gorbachev fue elegido a Secretario General del partido comunista en 11 de marzo de 1985. Su intento de reformar el partido convertiría dos palabras rusas en algo conocido en todo el mundo: “glasnost”, que significa la apertura y la “perestroika”, la reconstrucción, que presentó en el 27 º Congreso del partido comunista soviético en febrero 1986.


Ganador del Premio Nobel de la paz


2088 Gorbachov admitió que Europa adopte regímenes democráticos, también anunciados que la Unión Soviética fue oficialmente abandonada la doctrina de Brezhnev. En un discurso histórico pronunciado en el año 1989 habló antes de la Asamblea parlamentaria del Consejo de Europa en el final de la guerra fría, la caída del telón de acero y el retiro del Soviet las tropas de Afganistán. Firmó con el Presidente americano Ronald Reagan un acuerdo de destrucción de armas nucleares, poner fin a la guerra fría entre URSS y Estados Unidos. Esta actitud le valió el Premio a Nobel de la paz en 1990, el mismo año que llegó a ser Presidente Ejecutivo con poderes especiales.


En el año de 1991 fue víctima de un golpe militar, que le obligaron a abandonar su puesto de Secretario General del partido comunista y a permanecer bajo arresto domiciliario, pero los rusos reaccionaron fuertemente al golpe de estado y dirigido por Boris Yeltsin logrado derrocar al régimen de Comunista, haciéndole volver al poder en menos de 72 horas. El 25 de diciembre de ese año que renunció a la jefe de estado, y dos años más tarde, en 1993, fundó la ONG, Cruz verde internacional, que se ha dedicado al agua y tema de desarme. Intentó postularse para Presidente de Rusia en 1995, pero su voto no fue el mejor. En el año de 1999 murió su esposa Raissa Gorbachev.


De entonces encendido, Gorbachev escribe para varios periódicos alrededor del mundo y viaja por todo el mundo participando en diversas conferencias. Su rica obtuvo su experiencia para contribuir significativamente en varios asuntos importantes, como el medio ambiente y economía.


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