Este hombre era un gran héroe para toda América Latina. Lleno de pensamientos liberales, fue el líder de la revolución que dio la independencia a Venezuela, Perú, Colombia, Ecuador y Bolivia. Lea aquí un resumen de la Simón Bolívar, un gran hombre que dejó su marca en la historia, trayendo libertad a los pueblos latinoamericanos.


Simón Bolívar-infancia


Simón José Antonio de La Santissima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios y Blanco, o simplemente Simón Bolívar, nació el 24 de julio de 1783 en la ciudad de Caracas, Venezuela. Sus padres eran de origen español, siendo su padre un campesino Rico. Cuando Simon tenía sus 9 años de edad llegaron a perder a ambos padres.


Desde entonces, comenzó a ser educado por su tío, Carlos Palacios. Estudió con Simon Castro Rodríguez, quien además de maestro fue un hombre revolucionario y pasó varias de sus ideas liberales a Bolívar, lo que el niño desarrolló un interés en la política, rebelión y lucha por la libertad.


Simón Bolívar en el mundo

Simón Bolívar

Imagen: reproducción



  • Cuando tenía 15 años de edad, Simón se fue a España para terminar sus estudios. Allí conoció a Maria Teresa Rodríguez del Toro y Alayza, hermosa mujer que se casó en 1802, a la edad de 19 años de edad.

  • Regresó a Venezuela con su esposa justo después de la boda, y ella tiene fiebre amarilla y murió poco tiempo después. Simon perdió la muerte de su amada esposa quien juró nunca casarse.

  • Tal vez tratando de olvidar un poco por su pérdida, en 1804 comenzó a viajar por el mundo. Conoció a los Estados Unidos post independencia y sus ideas de libertad.

  • Después de que ha sido a través de Europa, en Francia la coronación de Napoleón Bonaparte y puso en contacto con ideas de la ilustración de la revolución francesa.

  • En Inglaterra conoció a otros hombres que también tenían ideas revolucionarias liberales y que también tenía planes para iniciar un movimiento de independencia en las colonias europeas en América. Simon sugiere que empiezan por su amado país de origen, y luego todos fueron a Venezuela en 1807.
Véase también: independencia de Venezuela

Independencia de Venezuela


Al principio, tenían muchas dificultades para implementar la revolución allí, porque la élite más bien resultó beneficiada por España y se convirtió en stalker de los revolucionarios. Pero cuando Napoleón dominaba España y había depuesto el rey, la élite pasó a apoyar la revolución y luego Simón Bolívar se convirtió en el líder revolucionario. Tomaron la capital, Caracas, y en 1811 el Congreso Nacional declaró la independencia.


Pero España decidió responder violentamente a esta revolución y uno de los socios de Bolívar que estaba delante de las milicias, Francisco de Miranda, firmó un Tratado de rendición para evitar derramamiento de sangre. Bolívar, considerado como un traidor, detenido y luego escapó de Venezuela, tomó refugio en Colombia, donde pasó un año preparándose para volver con una revolución aún más fuerte.


Obtuvo el apoyo de los colombianos, que estaban con él para combatir en Venezuela. En 1813 invadió Caracas, tomaron la ciudad y proclamó la segunda República en Venezuela. Simon fue nombrado Presidente de la República. En 1819 fundó la Gran Colombia, que estaba ubicado donde hoy de Colombia, Venezuela, Panamá y Ecuador. Allí él era el Presidente y una especie de dictadura en la región.


Otras revoluciones


Después de la independencia de Venezuela, Bolívar apoyó a los rebeldes colombianos que lucharon con él en Caracas. Bajo el mando de Antonio José de Sucre y Bolívar, los rebeldes lograron expulsar a las fuerzas españolas de tu país, declarar la independencia, también. Simon decidió no detenerse y envió que sus fuerzas continúan haciendo guerrilla por otras colonias españolas en América Latina.

Véase también: independencia de Venezuela

En 1824 las tropas dirigida por Bolívar y Sucre consiguió la libertad del Perú e incluso proclamó la República de Bolivia. En el año 1827, comenzaron algunos guerrilleros en la Gran Colombia, que querían la separación del territorio que era demasiado grande y gente con diferentes culturas y costumbres. Una tentativa fue hecha con la intención de matar que Simón Bolívar llamada “Conspiración de la feria”, que logró salir ileso.


Venezuela y Colombia se separan de la Gran Colombia en 1829, y pronto después de que Quito se declaró independiente y cambió su nombre a Ecuador. Simon no fue apoyo político y se encontró acorralado, se ven obligados a dejar su vida de revolucionario. En 17 de diciembre de 1830, murió de tuberculosis en Colombia, pero fue enterrado en su ciudad natal, Caracas en Venezuela.


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